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What are they really telling us about our collective gastronomic legacy?Catherine de Medici & the "introduction" ice cream to France "How curious then, in modern times--meaning from the mid ninteenth century on--it has come to be believed that Catherine de Medici was accompanied to France by a bevy of Italian confectioners who taught their French colleagues how to make ices and frozen sherbets.167) "The first ice creams, in the sense of an iced and flavoured confection made from full milk or cream, are thought to have been made in Italy and then in France in the 17th century, and to have been diffused from the French court to other European countries... Eales was a pioneer with few followers; ice cream recipes remained something of a rarity in English-language cookery books...The first recorded English use of the term ice cream (also given as iced cream) was by Ashmore (1672), recording among dishes served at the Feast of St. As for America, Stallings observes that ice cream is recorded to have been served as early as 1744 (by the lady of Governor Blandon of Maryland, nee Barbara Jannsen, daughter of Lord Baltimore), but it does not appear to have been generally adopted until much later in the century.Since the story is widely believed in Italy, appears indeed to be central to the credo of the Italian ice-cream trade..is necessary to say here that although the source of the story remains unidentified, it is plain that its origins are in the nineteenth century, the likelihood being that it rose out of a lingistic confusion...connected in some way perhaps with the stories of ice introduced into France during Henry III's reign--or shortly before it--and while Catherine herself was still in a powerful position as Queen Mother and Regent.I do know that of two people who helped disseminate it in England one was Abraham Hayward, QC, author of The Art of Dining, published in 1852.As time and technology progressed, ice cream flavors (Pistachio, Rocky Road, Chunky Monkey), complicated confections (19th century Neapolitan bricks, English bombes & American cakes), and novelty concoctions (hokey-pokey treats, ice cream bars, popsicles, sundaes, sodas & banana splits), proliferated. Centuries ago people started making refreshing summer-time desserts by taking sweet cream (the richest part of milk) or custard (egg-based puddings) and cooling them down with ice.
Since introducing ice cream to Europe in the Middle Ages, Italy has never relinquished its lead in theis field, and over the centuries the manufacture of ice cream has in many countries been the province of Italian emigres." ---An A to Z of Food and Drink, John Ayto [Oxford Univeristy Press: Oxford] 2002 (p.
The Chinese are generally credited for creating the first ice creams, possibly as early as 3000 BC.
Marco Polo is popularly cited for introducing these tasty concoctions to Italy.
George at Windsor in May 1671 One Plate of Ice Cream'. Although its adoption then owed much to French contacts in the period following the American Revolution, Americans shared 18th century England's tastes and the English preference for ice creams over water ices, and proceeded enthusiastically to make ice cream a national dish." ---Oxford Companion to Food, Alan Davidson [Oxford University Press: Oxford] 1999 (p.
392-3) "The first substantial piece of writing on ice cream was an anonymous 84-page manuscript entitled L'Art de faire des Glaces which, through watermarks in the paper, has been dated "circa 1700." It is a "how to" work of some sophistication, giving detailed instructions for the preparation of such delights as apricot, voilet, rose, chocolate, and a caramel ice creams and water ices.
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In a footnote to his chapter on Paris restaurants, Hayward remarked that it had been established that Catherine de Medici and her Florentine confectioners had brought the art of making ices to the French capital.