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Prior to that people prayed as they saw fit, with each individual praying in his or her own way, and there were no standard prayers that were recited.
Rabbi Yohanan ben Zakkai, one of the leaders at the end of the Second Temple era, promulgated the idea of creating individual houses of worship in whatever locale Jews found themselves.
There is no set blueprint for synagogues and the architectural shapes and interior designs of synagogues vary greatly.
In fact, the influence from other local religious buildings can often be seen in synagogue arches, domes and towers.
Historically, synagogues were built in the prevailing architectural style of their time and place.
Halakha holds that communal Jewish worship can be carried out wherever ten Jews (a minyan) assemble.The surviving medieval synagogues in Budapest and Prague are typical Gothic structures.The emancipation of Jews in European countries not only enabled Jews to enter fields of enterprise from which they were formerly barred, but gave them the right to build synagogues without needing special permissions, synagogue architecture blossomed.There has been no evidence of synagogues in Roman Palestine, or modern day Israel, prior to first century C. It has been theorized that the synagogue emerged as a place of worship in Palestine upon the destruction of the Second Temple during the First Jewish-Roman War; however, others speculate that there had been places of prayer, apart from the Temple, during the Hellenistic period.The popularization of prayer over sacrifice during the years prior to the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 C. Despite the possibility of synagogue-like spaces prior to the Revolt, the synagogue emerged as a stronghold for Jewish worship upon the destruction of the Temple.
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The all-day Yom Kippur service, in fact, was an event in which the congregation both observed the movements of the kohen gadol ("the high priest") as he offered the day's sacrifices and prayed for his success.